In view of the Oriental Orthodox Church, refers to the group of churches that keep the faith of the first three ecumenical councils the first Council of Nicaea, the First Council Of Constantinople and the Council of Ephesus and rejected the Council of Chalcedon. These Churches are also called Old Oriental Churches. Thus Oriental Orthodox churches are distinct from the Eastern Orthodox Churches.
The Oriental Orthodox churches came to a parting ways with the remainder Christianity in the Fifth Century. The Oriental Orthodox churches, refuse to accept the Christological Dogmas promulgated by the Council of Chalcedon, which held that Jesus has two natures – one divine and one human, although these were inseparable and only act as one hypostasis .
The Oriental Orthodox rejected Nestorianism. Hence, they advocated a formula that stressed unity of the Incarnation over all other considerations. Oriental Orthodox churches are often called Monophysite churches, although they reject this label, which is associated with Eutychian Monophysitism. They prefer the term “non-Chalcedonian” or “Miaphysite” churches. Oriental Orthodox Churches reject the Monophysite teachings of Eutyches and the Dyophysite teachings of Nestorius.
The twentieth Century has seen reconciling declarations, on the Caledonian Schism from several meetings between the Roman Catholic Pope and Patriarchs of the Oriental Orthodoxy.
Oriental Orthodox Churches (in full communion)
Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria
Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch
- Malankara Jacobite Syrian Church
Armenian Orthodox Church
- Titular Armenian Patriarch of Constantinople
- Titular Armenian Patriarchate of Jerusalem
- Titular Catholicossate of the Great House of Cilicia
Indian (Malankara) Orthodox Church
- Brahmavar (Goan) Orthodox Church
Ethiopian Orthodox Church
Eritrean Orthodox Church
Antiochian Syriac Orthodox Church
(Canonical Status Unknown – Yet to be confirmed by Oriental Orthodox Churches)
Oriental Orthodox Church (not in communion)
Malabar Independent Syrian Church