Moscow, December 25, Interfax – Unlike Christmas, Easter will come for Orthodox and Western Christians on the same day April 4.
Various Christian confessions have the same Paschal cycle (system of determining the date of celebrating Easter) once in several years. Orthodox and Catholics celebrated Easter on the same day April 8 two years ago. Christian Easters also coincided in 2004 and earlier in 2001.
Next year in compliance with their calendars, Eastern and Western Christians will also celebrate Easter together, and then Paschal cycle will coincide in 2014 and 2017.
Former Pope John Paul II of Rome suggested that all Christians should celebrate Easter jointly, though this idea was not further developed. The Second Vatican Council had launched the same initiative in 1965 and offered all Christians to celebrate their main feast on the second Sunday of April.
Difference in Paschal cycle depends on different ways to determine the day of vernal equinox in Julian and Gregorian calendars according which Eastern and Western Christians live and on Catholic’s refusal to accept the rule that Christian Easter shouldn’t coincide with the Jewish Passover.